Visakha Bucha Day (A un world heritage day)
ACROSS THAILAND, MAY 28
On Visakha Bucha Day, Thai Buddhists and Buddhists all over the world commemorate three great events: The birth, enlightenment and the passing away of Gautama Buddha. The Buddha was born on this day in Lumpini. On this day, 35 years later, he attained enlightenment in Buddhagaya, India. Also on this day, 80 years from his birth, the Buddha passed away in Kusinara (Kushinagar), India. Traditional religious rites on day, includes merit-making (by offering alm to monks or visiting temples), observing of the 5 precepts, and meditation.
Recognized as most important memorial day in Buddhism, The Visakha Bucha Day reminds Buddhists the important of Lord Buddha's teachings, both spiritually and socially. The day marks the same day - the full moon night of the sixth lunar month - when Lord Buddha was born into this world, attained enlightenment 35 years later, and passed away when he was 80.
Visakha Bucha Day is recognized by the UNESCO on December 13, 1999 as "World Heritage Day".
VISAKHA BUCHA (Vesak) means the worship of the Buddha on the full moon day of the sixth lunar month. It usually falls in May. In the case of a year with an extra eighth lunar month--Adhikamasa (there are 13 full moons in that year)-- the Visakha Bucha Day falls on the full moon day of the seventh lunar month.
The Vesak full moon day
(The full moon day of Sixth lunar month)
Visakha Bucha Day is one of the most important days in Buddhism because of three important incidents in the life of The Buddha, i.e. the birth, the enlightenment and the passing away, miraculously fall on the same month and date, the Vesak full moon day. So each year, Buddhists throughout the world gather together to perform the worship to recollect the wisdom, purity and compassion of the Buddha.
ACTIVITIES TO BE OBSERVED ON
THE VISAKHA BUCHA DAY
TAM BOON : Making merit by going to temples for special observances, making merit, listening to Dhamma preaching, giving some donations and join in the other Buddhist activities.
RUB SIL : Keeping the Five Precepts, including abstinence from alcoholic drinks and all kinds of immoral acts.
TAK BARD : Offering food to the monks and novices (in the alm bowl).
Practice of renuciation : Observe the Eight Precepts, practice of meditation and mental discipline, stay in the temple, wearing white robes, for a number of days.
VIEN TIEN : Attending the Candle Light Procession around the Uposatha Hall, in the evening of the Vesak full moon day.